ChatGPT is this artificial intelligence that has the answer to almost everything. It can also compile some results from search engines like Google. Over the past few weeks, the website where it is available has received many visitors. ChatGPT amazes the public, but also begins to worry.
Have you heard of ChatGPT?, these last weeks? It’s an accessible artificial intelligence on this website. It is able to summarize the results of a search engine, or answer the questions of Internet users on almost any topic.
Our fantastic colleagues from France 3 Alsace, for example, asked this “conversational intelligence“Whether Alsace were to leave the Grand Est region. Sharp question that ChatGPT took care of, not taking a position. Instead, a text summarizing the arguments for and against.
Joking aside, the rapid rise in the power of this artificial intelligence inevitably raises questions. It fascinates as much as it forces us to adapt, according to specialists in the information world.
“It is a huge technological advance, we are in something similar to the arrival of Google in 1998. ChatGPT found its audience in a very short time: in a few weeks, in the order of a million users“, notes Martial Martin. For the teacher-researcher in communication and information sciences at the University of Reims (Marne), the growing place of this tool is interesting to observe.
“We need to monitor whether ChatGPT, or other conversational intelligence like those of connected speakers like Amazon Echo or Google Nest, come to replace traditional search engines. What we notice about ChatGPT is that it coordinates and synthesizes elements of the results obtained in a Google search for example.“, notes the one who is also the director of the University Institute of Technology in Troyes (Aube).
According to the academic, this “conversational intelligence“offers quite an elaborate rationale.”This can be a relief for a college or high school student who would struggle with their research. The reflection is really arranged on a topic. The agent offers about ten well-argued and structured lines”explains Martial Martin.
Be careful though, in the idea of full trust in ChatGPT. The researcher qualifies his statement, indicating that he is not immune to manipulation. What about, for example, this blog specializes in the world of information. “Choices are made in terms of coding. Artificial intelligence is based on a coding principle. For this coding, there are choices that are made. This can lead to the development of biased ideological responses, so that this tool turns into a tool of indoctrination, which passes for transparent“, the university official details.
He urges the public to be vigilant, and always check their sources. “The danger is to recognize this intelligence as higher than what it is. A number of users will be limited to this only. We must put ChatGPT in context: it is only one element in a larger search. Research should be linked to other sources of information“, he says.
This has also been pointed out by Yann Verchier, at the University of Technology of Troyes (Aube). For this, the head of the educational innovation center at this faculty, “even if this program returns relevant responses, sources may not always be verified, thus causing errors“. Two other reservations are noted by this holder of the Smart Campus/Smart Cursus research chair: “Intelligence knowledge stops for the time being in 2021. Nothing also excludes it from learning itself from fake content and questionable sources.“.
Nothing also precludes it from learning fake content and dubious sources on its ownYann Verchier
teacher at Troyes University of Technology
The development of this “conversational intelligence“Too many questions, on the professional side.”This will call into question the practices as a teacher. We will have to quickly rethink the way we work with students. Quickly explain what interests, what limits and what complements OpenGPT can have. We must also define the professional framework, we can use it ethically“, says Martial Martin. The same concern on the part of the University of Technology of Troyes (Aube). In this institution, staff and students should soon be made aware of good practices for ChatGPT.
“Assessment methods will be questioned because students have access to a source that gathers information in real time. From the teachers’ side, the question of relevance arises for all current assessments, whether paper, digital or distance. We showed them, by running a test with items taken from their ratings entered into ChatGPT, that a beginner who had not taken their courses could do well with the tool. We are truly faced with diverse resources, with a unique mix and response“, underlines Yann Verchier.
Debate continues for now, especially in educational circles, to determine the future place of ChatGPT.