AFP, published on Monday, 09 January 2023 at 17:04.
Iranian justice announced three new death sentences on Monday, 48 hours after two protesters were executed, sparking a new wave of international outrage.
The three convicted protesters, like the two men executed on Saturday, were arrested as part of the protest movement sparked in Iran by the death of Mahsa Amini, 22, who was arrested for violating the Islamic Republic’s strict dress code.
Iranian authorities generally refer to these protests as “riots” and claim they are encouraged by countries and organizations hostile to Iran. They also claim hundreds of people — including members of the security forces — have been killed and say they have arrested thousands of protesters.
According to Mizan Online, the justice agency, Saleh Mirhashemi, Majid Kazemi and Saïd Yaghoubi, accused of being involved in the death of three members of the security forces during demonstrations in the central province of Isfahan on November 16, 2022, were sentenced to death at the level of seen.
They were found guilty of “moharebeh (war against God in Persian),” the agency said.
In the same process, two other people were sentenced to imprisonment. Among them, footballer Amir Nasr-Azadani, 26, who plays for a local club, was sentenced to a combined 26 years in prison. But according to the law he must serve the longest sentence which is 16 years.
– international penalties –
On Saturday, Iran announced the execution of two men convicted of killing a paramilitary during protests.
In Paris, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that it would summon the Iranian charge d’affaires in Paris on Monday “to show him” the “strongest condemnation” of the current executions and repression in Iran.
In a written statement, the Quai d’Orsay recalled that it had done so “several times through various channels with the Iranian authorities.” “We followed with the greatest attention the demonstration organized yesterday in front of the French embassy in Tehran, which was not spontaneous”, the ministry also reacted.
For her part, German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock announced on Monday that she had “again” summoned the Iranian ambassador to Berlin to protest against these executions, which “will not remain without consequences”.
The Norwegian Foreign Ministry also summoned the Iranian ambassador in Oslo, saying it “strongly condemns” these acts.
Denmark, Belgium and the Netherlands had also announced they would recall Iranian ambassadors in response to the hanging of two men, aged 22 and 39, according to NGOs. A wave of indignant reactions followed.
Pope Francis has called for an end to the death penalty worldwide, including in Iran.
“The death penalty cannot be used for the so-called state justice, because it does not constitute an obstacle and does not bring justice to the victims, but only incites the thirst for revenge,” he said.
The new death sentences bring to 17 the number of people sentenced to death in connection with the protest in Iran, according to a count compiled by AFP from official announcements.
Of them, four were executed and two were upheld by the Supreme Court. Others await new trials or may appeal.
At least 109 protesters currently in custody face death penalty charges, the Iran Human Rights (IHR) group said on Monday.
According to Amnesty International, Iran is the country that executes the most people sentenced to death outside of China.
For Iran’s supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, “responsible institutions treat treason seriously and fairly.”
There are “no doubt economic problems” in the country, “but can these problems be solved by burning trash cans and causing riots in the streets?” he said, as quoted by his website.
“Without a doubt, these actions are treason”, he said.
Demonstrators chant the main slogan “Women, life, freedom” as well as other slogans hostile to the regime.