We must no longer automate the past. It has to be reinvented. For this, companies must have an infrastructure that can support the new wave of digital innovations. It will go very quickly. Everything will speed up.
These innovations are indeed destined to shape the digital infrastructure for the next decade. This stack of technologies consists of several layers including new hardware, embedded software, connectivity elements, a set of tools for autonomy, piloting, safety, etc. The result: companies will have to fundamentally change their business models. The objective is to have a model that improves the efficiency of the use of fixed, working and human capital (ROCE) and a financial surface larger than it actually is.
Four major transformations
Remember that industrialization has already undergone 4 major transformations:
- Industry 1.0: the mechanization of production
- The first industrial revolution occurred in the 1700s, when people began harnessing the power of steam to dramatically improve industrial productivity.
- Industry 2.0: Mass production
- In the late 1800s and early 1900s, innovations such as electricity and assembly-line manufacturing made it possible to produce goods faster, on a larger scale, and at lower cost. It was also the age of “planes, trains and automobiles.”
- Industry 3.0: Industrial Automation
- By the 1970s, developments such as programmable logic controllers made it possible to perform some industrial processes without human assistance.
- Industry 4.0: the generalization of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
- The digitization of production relies on artificial intelligence and machine learning.
The use of human creativity
The next phase of industry transformation is based on harnessing human creativity enabling the production of more personalized, sustainable, resilient and decentralized products. This will translate to:
- A safer and more efficient work environment as well as increased skill requirements for those involved in the product manufacturing process.
- Optimizing production processes by delegating repetitive or predictable tasks to the automation of everything.
The new wave of digital innovations that will be at the heart of Industry 5.0 include:
Global wireless connectivity
From 5G and Wi-Fi 6 to Bluetooth 5.0 and Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) protocols will be a key part of the new infrastructure
The arrival of ultra-reliable low-latency communication (URLLC) with a host of improvements in terms of mobility, power consumption and spectral efficiency compared to the current version.
Sensors distributed throughout the manufacturing process create signals that allow the twin to capture operational and environmental data about the physical process in the real world.
The use of artificial intelligence (AI) across all manufacturing industries is expected to grow at an annual rate of 57.2% over the next five years, creating a market worth over $14.02 billion by 2026.
Digital twins can create virtual versions of real-world objects, processes and applications. These can then be robustly tested to make profitable decentralized decisions. These virtual copies can then be created in the real world and connected, via the Internet of Things, allowing cyber systems to communicate and collaborate with each other and with human personnel to create a process of data exchange and communication. Real-time automation for industry.
Consumerization of everything
Consumerization is the process that transforms goods and services accessible only in B2B into goods accessible by consumers or consumer communities using technological advances in consumer electronics
The interaction object is the entry point for a personal bot, an AI capable of understanding consumer expectations and determining the best way to meet them.
For this purpose, the personal robot will contact through a marketplace a business bot responsible for translating the demand into industrial or service reality. A universal interbot dialect is a must to achieve this goal.
In the factory, robots are embodied in the form of robots, 3D printers that will be responsible for industrialization, for the production of objects. Once this step is completed, it’s time for the more or less robotic supply chain that will deliver the said object or service to the person where the person wants it.
Advanced robotic solutions including autonomous mobile robots, cobots and swarm robots as well as robotic software development are also a key part of Industry 4.0 trends.
Augmented and virtual reality
While in augmented reality (AR) the user observes virtual objects that complement the real world, Virtual Reality (VR) immerses the user in a purely virtual environment.
Turning data into knowledge
Vertical domains need relevant and reliable data to make the most of ubiquitous connectivity. It is essential that the data is intelligent enough to provide efficient use of time and content in the vertical domain. An efficient knowledge mining approach can be distributed and energy efficient.
The connection between humans and robots, with key facilities in the surrounding industrial and operational environment will be central to improving plant productivity, quality and safety.
LiFi (or Light Fidelity) is a wireless communication technology based on the use of visible light, unlike Wi-Fi that occupies the radio frequency band of the electromagnetic spectrum. This technology has many advantages: the light does not disturb radio frequencies, which ensures the compatibility of LiFi with radio technologies (Wi-Fi, 3G, 4G, etc.).
Innovations in materials science are at the heart of Industry 5.0 as next-generation materials such as graphene and 2D materials, molybdenum disulfide nanoparticles, nanomaterials and a range of smart, responsive and lightweight materials enable new features and improved performance in industry .
Benefits of Industry 5.0
The benefits of Industry 5.0 can be summarized as follows
- Overall quality improvement
- Proactive maintenance
- Understanding the current configuration of field equipment to be able to provide more efficient service
- Proactively and more accurately identify warranty and claims issues to reduce overall warranty cost and improve customer experience.
- Reduced time to market for a new product
- Lowering the overall cost of producing a new product
- Better understanding of timing and impact on supply chain resources
- More flexible, more personalized, more efficient, more economical, safer and more responsive processes and organizations.
The new value creation of Industry 5.0 will be based on the following design principles:
- Autonomy based on the decentralization of everything
- Production equipment will behave like robots
- There should not be a central intelligence controlling all individual devices in a totalitarian manner. Rather, each device is somehow autonomous and independent, with the ability to interrogate and interact with other network objects when necessary.
- Products as a service
- Instead of paying a large upfront fee to own something, end users simply pay for the time they use it.
- Sustainability and waste recycling
- Circular processes enable the reuse, reuse and recycling of natural resources, reducing waste and environmental damage.
- The ability of CPS, people and factories to connect and communicate with each other through the Internet of Things and the Internet of Value.
- Virtualizing everything is the process that builds abstraction layers capable of describing a hardware or software system.
- A digital twin is created by linking sensor data with virtual factory models and simulation models.
- Decentralization means the ability of plant CPSs to make their own decisions
- Real time capacity:
- Ability to collect and analyze data and immediately provide information obtained. Thus, the factory can react to a machine breakdown and redirect products to another machine.
- Service Orientation:
- Instead of trying to sell a product, the goal is to focus on generating value over time.
- A true empathy with its customers by getting to know them, involving them, identifying their needs, their motivations and the results they seek to obtain through the purchased product.
- We will talk more and more about Products as a Service.
- Flexible adaptation of factories by replacing or developing modules according to needs, in particular changes in product characteristics.
- Very low latency.